Making the Turkish ‚Social Constituency‘
An Analysis of Public Claims-Making and Collective Representation in the Turkish Constitutional Debate
“from below.” In this context, a particular innovative view arises in that the re-constitutionalization process is taken as the starting point for two processes: the integration of the Turkish citizenry in terms of an emerging demos and the legitimation of the emerging polity framework. This perspective
does not assume pre-existing identification among the citizenry, which in the best case would be included and hence reflected in a legitimate polity framework. Instead, the emergence of legitimate polity structures is not just seen as a question of institution building from above or as being responsive to citizens’ demands, but rather as crucially dependent on the development of a vivid public sphere, which increasingly involves citizens in public
debates and interaction.